Cardiopulmonary arrest or cardio-ventilatory arrest, or stroke , more commonly known as cardiac arrest, but also sudden death of the adult may be caused by myocardial infarction, trauma, asphyxia, drowning, hypothermia or electrocution. The affected person loses consciousness immediately and stops breathing or has slow, noisy, anarchic breathing movements. The heartbeat is out of sync. The heart can no longer perform its role of the pump and cannot properly irrigate the vital organs of the body. Cardiac arrest is an absolute emergency and may only be temporary if the person is cared for within a few minutes. It requires emergency care, including cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
What are the warning signs?
- Pain in the chest
- Shortness of effort
- Loss of consciousness
These symptoms are the most common warning signs. In two out of three cases, the chest pain is characteristic of the infarct intense and in a vise, but it was only intermittent until the onset of cardiac arrest. They are located at the chest, behind the sternum and can extend to the neck, jaws, shoulder, arm or back. Respiratory difficulty and breathing difficulties generally begin several days before stopping and intensify until cardiac arrest.
Less typical manifestations may indicate infarction such as the isolated presence of pain in the arm, wrist or jaw, chest gravity, abdominal pain, episodes of nausea, hiccups and sweats. On the other hand, chest pain that appears during exercise, during a workout or during an activity of daily life or by climbing stairs, for example, can also announce the occurrence of a heart attack.
What to do in case of cardiac arrest?
As soon as the symptoms appear, it is best not to waste time and call 15 or 112 to receive emergency medical care. Every minute counts to unclog the blocked arteries during a heart attack. Indeed, from the third minute, the brain that is deprived of oxygen begins to suffer and occur the first lesions. The average time between the diagnosis of myocardial infarction during an electrocardiogram and the implementation of the treatments is 90 minutes. You should know that if no reanimation gesture is practiced within eight minutes to make the heart go away, the chances of survival are almost zero.
Cardiac arrest and coma
An artificial coma, caused by sedative drugs, can be used to protect the brain after cardiac arrest and to prevent the occurrence of irreversible brain damage.
Diagnosis: cardiac arrest and ECG
An electrocardiogram (ECG) is a test that studies how the heart works by measuring its electrical activity. In the case of cardiac arrest, the ECG shows a flat pattern, which means that there is no more electrical activity in the heart and therefore no more heartbeat.
Sequelae in case of cardiac arrest
Sequelae after cardiac arrest depend largely on the cause of the arrest and the delay in management. They mainly concern neurological sequelae and a chronic vegetative state risk. Traumatic sequelae broken odds are also common and depend on the intensity of the resuscitation maneuvers. The longer the care period is late, the greater the risk. Less than 10% of cardiac arrests leave the hospital without sequelae. Training in saving actions is a citizen act that saves lives because each and every one of us can experience cardiac arrest at any point in our lives.